10Lignin dissolved in 1-dodecyl-3-ethyl imidazolium Chloride 11Lignin dissolved in 1-dodecyl-3-methyl imidazolium chloride.  Unusual phase seperations are visible due to the near-room temperature melting point of the solvent. 12Solvent crystals forming in 1-octyl-3-methyl imidazolium chloride upon cooling. (2) 13Solvent crystals forming in 1-octyl-3-methyl imidazolium chloride upon cooling. 14Phytoliths under visible light treated in AMIM-Cl for three hours at 100C 15Switchgrass phytolith treated in BMIM-Cl for three hours at 100C magnified 10000x 16Switchgrass phytolith treated in BMIM-XS for three hours at 100C magnified 10000x 1AMIM-Cl treated switchgrass magnified 5x 2AMIM-Cl treated switchgrass magnified 10x (2) 3AMIM-Cl treated switchgrass magnified 10x 4AMIM-Cl treated switchgrass magnified 20x 5Untreated Switchgrass magnified 5x under reflected light 6Arabidopsis stems dissolving in BMIM-Cl at 100C 7Switchgrass dissolving in BMIM-Cl at 100C 8Switchgrass leaf dissolving in AMIM-Cl at 100C 9Hemicellulose dissolving in 1-hexyl-3-methyl imidazolium chloride at 100C Switchgrass treated in AMIM-Cl for three hours at 100C Switchgrass treated in AMIM-Cl for three hours at 100C magnified 1000x Switchgrass treated in AMIM-Cl for three hours at 100C magnified 100x Switchgrass treated in AMIM-Cl for three hours at 100C magnified 3000x Switchgrass treated in AMIM-Cl for three hours at 100C magnified 500x Switchgrass treated in AMIM-Cl for three hours at 100C magnified 500x (2) Switchgrass treated in AMIM-XS for three hours at 100C magnified 1000x Switchgrass treated in AMIM-XS for three hours at 100C magnified 1000x Microfungi and pollen grains are visible. Switchgrass treated in AMIM-XS for three hours at 100C magnified 100x Switchgrass treated in AMIM-XS for three hours at 100C magnified 200x. Plant eating microfungi are visible in lower left. Switchgrass treated in AMIM-XS for three hours at 100C magnified 3000x Switchgrass treated in AMIM-XS for three hours at 100C magnified 500x Switchgrass treated in AMIM-XS for three hours at 100C under visible light Switchgrass treated in BMIM-Cl for three hours at 100C magnified 1000x Switchgrass treated in BMIM-Cl for three hours at 100C magnified 1000x (2) Switchgrass treated in BMIM-Cl for three hours at 100C magnified 100x Switchgrass treated in BMIM-Cl for three hours at 100C magnified 3000x Switchgrass treated in BMIM-Cl for three hours at 100C magnified 500x Switchgrass treated in BMIM-Cl for three hours at 100C magnified 500x (2) Switchgrass treated in BMIM-Cl for three hours at 100C under visible light Switchgrass treated in BMIM-XS for three hours at 100C magnified 1000x Switchgrass treated in BMIM-XS for three hours at 100C magnified 1000x (2) Switchgrass treated in BMIM-XS for three hours at 100C magnified 100x Switchgrass treated in BMIM-XS for three hours at 100C magnified 3000x Switchgrass treated in BMIM-XS for three hours at 100C magnified 500x Switchgrass treated in BMIM-XS for three hours at 100C under visible light Switchgrass treated in BMIM-XS for three hours at 100C under visible light (2) Untreated switchgrass magnified 100x Untreated switchgrass magnified 500x Utreated Switchgrass under visible light Utreated Switchgrass under visible light (2)