University of Kentucky CAER Home
Coal and Energy Links

Warning: Some web sites to which these materials provide links for the convenience of users are not managed by the University of Kentucky nor CAER. The University nor CAER take no responsibility for the content of those sites.

Coal Topics

COAL - EDUCATION

American Coal Foundation - Provides materials (glossary, lesson plans and more) to educate today's teachers and students about coal.
CEDAR, INC. - Coal Education Development and Resource organization strives to increase the knowledge and understanding of the many benefits the Coal Industry provides in our daily lives by providing financial resources and coal education materials to implement its study in the school curriculum. Also hosts "Coal Fairs".
DOE's History of Energy

COAL - EDUCATION - CULTURAL HISTORY

All About Coal Miners
Coal Photos - available from the Kentuckiana Digital Library and mostly Kentucky/Appalachian based.
Kentucky Coal History - includes photos, newspaper clips, historical links, mining camps, mining equipment (1910's-1950's), Kentucky Coal timeline and more.

History of Coal Mining in Cape Breton, Nova Scotia - Coal mining has been a major factor in the history and development of the Cape Breton region of Nova Scotia since the early 1700s.
Songs from the Mines - mostly coal mine songs.
Virtual Museum of Coal Mining in Western Pennsylvania

        Coal-Related Sites from Ohio State University
       Coal Mining in the Gilded Age and Progressive Era - Pictures and Texts from Ohio State University.
       History of the American Steel Industry - From Ohio State University.
       Labor-Management Conflict In American History - From Ohio State University and contains info about "Strikes in the Anthracite Coal fields of Pennsylvania" plus other coal-related stories.
       MultiMedia Histories - Other historical events from Ohio State University that are in the same general time-frame as above sites.

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COAL - EDUCATION - KENTUCKY

Ash Education Web Site - (teaching materials) - {http://www.caer.uky.edu/kyasheducation/}- provides information on coal combustion by-products
Center for Applied Energy Research - (teaching materials) - {http://www.caer.uky.edu}
Clean Coal Technologies - (teaching materials) - {http://www.caer.uky.edu/cct/ccthome.html}- provides information on the benefits of clean coal technologies
Kentucky Coal Academy - {http://coalacademy.kctcs.edu/} - KCTCS provides educational support TO KCA to educate and train the coal workforce of the future
Kentucky Coal Association - (teaching materials) - {http://www.kentuckycoal.org/}
Kentucky Coal Council's Coal Education Web Site - teaching materials) - {http://www.coaleducation.org/}
Kentucky Coal Council - {http://www.kentuckycoal.org/}
Kentucky Coal Facts - online educational pamphlet - Can also find Kentucky Coal Facts from Kentucky DEDI Cabinet Site
Kentucky Mine Map Information Site - {http://www.caer.uky.edu/resources/minemap.shtml}
Kentucky Geological Survey (KGS) - (teaching materials) - {http://www.uky.edu/KGS/}
Kentucky Mining Institute - {http://www.miningusa.com/kmi/default.htm}
Kentucky Science & Technology Corporation - {http://www.kstc.com/}
KET, The Kentucky Network - (teaching materials) - Electronic Field Trip to a Coal Mine

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GOVERNMENT RESOURCES - COAL

BestPractices - a program of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT), works with industry to identify plant-wide opportunities for energy savings and process efficiency.
Clean Coal and Natural Gas Power Systems - key R&D programs including Clean Coal Power Initiative; FutureGen Project; Innovations for Existing Power Plants; Gasification Technologies, etc.
Consortium for Fossil Fuel Science (CFFS) - research program to study alternative sources for transportation fuel and environmental research related to fossil fuel
Environmental Protection Agency - Mission is "to protect human health and the environment"; in such areas as air and global climate change, water, land, communities and ecosystems, and compliance and environmental stewardship.
Fossil.Energy.gov - US Department of Energy Web Site
Mine Safety and Health Administration - U.S. Department of Labor
National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) - DOE National Laboratory that focuses on the development of advanced technologies related to coal and natural gas. With the recent addition of the National Petroleum Technology Office, responsibilities now cover the breadth of fossil energy resources - coal, natural gas, and oil.
National Laboratories - Listing of national labs of the United States Government
Office of Surface Mining - bureau of U.S. Department of the Interior ... to protect citizens and the environment during coal mining and reclamation and to reclaim mines abandoned before 1977
OSHA - Occupational Safety and Health Administration - U.S. Department of Labor
Tennessee Valley Authority - TVA achieves excellence in public service for the good of the people of the Tennessee Valley by supporting sustainable economic development, supplying affordable, reliable power, and managing a thriving river system.
U.S. Department of Energy - the priorities of the Department's energy program are to: increase domestic energy production; revolutionize our approach energy conservation and efficiency; and, promote the development of renewable and alternative energy sources.
U.S. Department of Transportation - ensures fast, safe, efficient, accessible and convenient transportation system that meets US vital national interests.
U.S. Geological Survey - USGS provides reliable scientific information to describe and understand the Earth; minimize loss of life and property from natural disasters; manage water, biological, energy, and mineral resources; and enhance and protect our quality of life.
U.S. Patent Office - PTO promotes industrial and technological progress.

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MINING RESOURCES - COAL

Colorado Mining Association (CMA) - A trade association whose membership is composed of both small and large enterprises engaged in the exploration for, production and refining of, metals, coal, oil shale, and industrial minerals; firms that manufacture and distribute mining and mineral processing equipment and supplies.
InfoMine - mining information
Kentucky Office of Mine Safety and Licensing - also includes information about Division Of Safety Analysis, Training and Certification; Division of Safety Inspection and Licensing; Technical Mine Map Information Center; Kentucky Mine Rescue; Accident Investigations.
Mining and Metallurgical Society of America (MMSA) - An organization dedicated to heightening public awareness and understanding of the minerals industry.
Mining Associations - from MiningUSA.com
Mining Departments and Schools List - University of Idaho, Mining Educators
Mining Engineering - University of Kentucky, College of Engineering
Mining Search Engine Directory - www.mininglinks.com
Mining Statistics - from National Mining Association; includes statistics for Coal Producer Survey; Facts About Coal; Facts About Minerals; Fast Facts; Gold and Silver Statistics; Mining Employment Statistics; Mining Equipment Statistics; Safety Statistics; State Statistics
MiningUSA - mining portal for industry professionals; information is provided as a courtesy to the mining industry.
National Mining Association - voice of one of America's basic industries - mining. It was created in 1995 as a result of the merger of two major organizations representing the mining industry at the national level: the National Coal Association and the American Mining Congress
National Mining Association Links
Office of Surface Mining - U.S. Department of the Interior
Rocky Mountain Coal Mining Institute (RMCMI) - A nonprofit corporation dedicated to the promotion of western coal through education.
World Coal Institute
Virtual Museum of Coal Mining in Western Pennsylvania
World Mining Index - find links to many topics; includes National Association of Mining Districts; GEOLOG; ARCHELOG; ECOLOG

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ORGANIZATIONS/ASSOCIATIONS - COAL

American Coal Ash Association (ACAA) - interest in using CCPs as valuable products to enhance revenues, minimize disposal costs, reduce liability and support environmental policies.
American Coal Council - formerly the Western Coal Council; advances the development and utilization of American coal as an economic, abundant and environmentally sound energy fuel source.
American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity (ACCCE) - advocates public policies tha advance environmental improvement, economic properity and energy security
American Coke and Coal Chemicals Institute - companies (coke producers; integrated steel companies which produce coke; coal chemicals companies which refine coal tar) interested in establishing a forum to discuss and act upon issues of common concern to their industry.
American Composites Manufacturers Association - The world's largest trade association serving the composites industry.
American Institute of Mining- Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineers - to advance, record and disseminate significant knowledge of engineering and the arts and sciences involved in the production and use of minerals, metals, energy sources and materials.
Americans for Balanced Energy Choices (ABEC) - national, non-profit organization promotes dialogue about the essential role that electricity from coal plays in protecting the environment while providing over half of the electricity used each day in the U.S.
AmericasPower.org - a partnership of the industries involved in producing electricity from coal. ACCCE combines the assets and missions of the Center for Energy and Economic Development (CEED) and Americans for Balanced Energy Choices (ABEC).
Ash Development Association of Australia - Australian producers and marketers of Power Station ash formed the ADAA in 1991 to conduct research and technology transfer on behalf of members to capitalise on market opportunities in the use of ash materials
Autoclaved Aerated Concrete Products Association - AACPA is network of organizations and individuals interested in promotion of autoclaved aerated concrete products
CANMET - Energy Technology Centre, Ottawa - Research arm of Natural Resources Canada and is one of Canada's premier organizations in the field of energy, science and technology
Coalition for Affordable and Reliable Energy - CARE was formed in 2000 to build support for a comprehensive and balanced energy policy that not only implements energy conservation and efficiency measures, but that also enables the country to better meet the increasing demand for energy through use of diverse domestic energy resources, such as oil, natural gas, renewable and alternative fuels, nuclear power, and especially coal.
Coal Association of Canada - represents Canadian companies engaged in the exploration, development, use and transportation of coal.
The Coal Utilization Research Council (CURC) - The national organization, comprised mostly of industrial coal organizations and academic partners, acts as a facilitator to spread information relevant to coal interests and coal-related research and development. CAER is a member of CURC.
Coal Ash Resources Research Consortium - an international consortium of industry and government representatives, scientists, and engineers working together toward a common goal: to advance coal ash utilization.
Community of Science - is an Internet site for the global R&D community. COS provides tools and services that enable these professionals to communicate, exchange information and find the people and technologies that are important to their work.
CRC for Coal in Sustainable Development - The Cooperative Research Centre for Coal in Sustainable Development (CCSD) is one of 64 Cooperative Research Centre's (CRCs) established and supported through the Australian Government's Cooperative Research Centre's Program. CRCs are devoted to strengthening collaborative links between industry, research organisations and government agencies to achieve real outcomes of national, economic and social significance.
Fossil Fuel Foundation - furthers science and technology in the carbon and energy industries.
Gasification Technologies Council - This is a body comprising about 30 institutions, mostly in the area of operating gasification plants and in supplying technology and equipment for such plants. CAER is a member of this council.
National Coal Council - The NCC provides advice and guidance on a continuing basis as requested by the Secretary of Energy on the general policy matters relating to coal.
National Petrochemical and Refiners Association - NPRA seeks to inform policymakers and the public how petrochemical industries strengthen the economy, protect the environment and promote national security.
National Ready Mixed Concrete Association - an industry advocate, it represents and serves the entire ready mixed concrete industry through leadership, promotion, education, and partnering to ensure ready mixed concrete is the building material of choice.
Oklahoma Energy Resources Board (OERB) - educates the community on the contributions of oil and natural gas industry
Power Technology - web site for power industry; links to power industry organizations
Society for Organic Petrology (TSOP) - a society for scientists and engineers involved with coal petrology, kerogen petrology, organic geochemistry and related disciplines
International Committee for Coal and Organic Petrology - members involved in fundamental and applied coal and organic petrology as it pertains to the study, mostly under the microscope, of the organic constituents of coal and other rocks
Society of Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration - SME is the world's largest society of mineral professionals
United Kingdom Quality Ash Association - The UKQAA represents the interests of the major producers and users of coal ash from coal fired power stations within the United Kingdom.
United Mine Workers of America - UMWA's diverse membership includes coal miners, clean coal technicians, health care workers, truck drivers, and school board employees.
United States Energy Association (USEA) - An association of public and private energy-related organizations, corporations, and government agencies. USEA represents the broad interests of the U.S. energy sector by increasing the understanding of energy issues, both domestically and internationally.
U.S. Green Building Council - a coalition of leaders from across the building industry working to promote buildings that are environmentally responsible, profitable, and healthy places to live and work.

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OTHER RESOURCES - COAL

Coal Statistics - from the World Coal Institute
Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) - a non-profit energy research consortium for the benefit of utility members, their customers, and society; provides science and technology-based solutions and manages a far-reaching program of scientific research, technology development, and product implementation.
Gas Technology Institute (GTI) - Research, development and training organization serving energy and environmental markets;distributes technical reports to market studies
IEA Coal Research - (International Energy Agency) - provider of information on efficient coal supply and use, IEA Coal Research - The Clean Coal Centre enhances innovation and continued development of coal as a clean source of energy.
IEA Coal Research Publications - at the CAER. Review online abstracts of all IEA Coal Research publications and place an order for these publications.
Statistical Review of World Energy - from BP
Noblis - A non-profit scientific research and system engineering company that works in the public interest to solve complex technological problems
Sasol - Active in over 20 countries and on 6 continents, Sasol is a global player in chemicals and fuels
Western Research Institute - A technology development center serving private clients, industry, and government with expertise in energy, environment, and highway materials

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Energy Education

ENERGY EDUCATION - FOR KIDS

Alliance to Save Energy - provides ideas for kids on saving energy
American Electric Power - Electric Universe plus other energy education links for students
California Energy Commission - Energy Quest
CAS Recommended Chemistry Sites - Common Chemistry
Chevron Corporation's Fuel School - ask questions about gasoline, hydrogen, and diesel products
DOE - United States Department of Energy - DOE's mission is to foster a secure and reliable energy system that is environmentally and economically sustainable ... to support continued U.S. leadership in science and technology
    Ask a Scientist - Office of Science, US Department of Energy
    Kids Saving Energy - the DOE's Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Center, offers fun games on renewable energy
    Energy Educational Materials - an energy education web site from DOE - for college age and younger children
    History of Energy - from DOE's EIA.
    Energy Kids - fun energy facts, history and games for kids; includes classroom activities; from DOE's Energy Information Administration

Engineering Your Future - allows students to investigate the different fields of engineering and to answer the question, "What is Engineering?"
Energy Crossroads Links - from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Energy Education Links - from the Open Directory Project website.
Energy Links from EIA
Energy Education Online - the Energy Center of Wisconsin, facilitates energy education programs within Wisconsin schools
Energy Star - is a site geared toward educating children about energy resources and efficiency from the EPA
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) - a good kids site
Home Energy Education - also from Wisconsin, for those interested in learning more about energy consumption and conservation in their homes
Minerals/Natural Gas/Oil Management Service Kids Page
National Energy Foundation - Teacher Links and Student Links
National Science Bowl - yearly competition for high school students
Science News for Kids - a web site devoted to science news for children of ages 9 to 14; it offers items of interest to kids, accompanied by suggestions for hands-on activities, books, articles, Web resources, and other useful materials.
Solar Decathlon - a competition in which teams of college students compete to design, build, and operate the most attractive, effective, and energy-efficient solar-powered house
South Carolina Energy Office - Saving Energy K-12 Kid's page
Texas Railroad Commission's Kid's World - an educational site (Enjoy "Ask the Commissioners!")

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ENERGY EDUCATION - FOR TEACHERS

Alliance to Save Energy - offers educators a wide range of tools and resources to bring energy efficiency into the classroom to save energy while helping students build vital real-world skills
American Coal Foundation - develops, produces, and disseminates coal-related educational materials and programs designed for teachers and students
American Electric Power - education initiatives including Electric Universe
American Energy Security Study - develops a comprehensive plan for the United States to establish energy security and independence through production of alternative oil and liquid transportation fuels from its vast domestic resources, including coal, biomass, and oil shale. The study also strives to bring better awareness of these issues to the American people, industry, the financial community, the media, governors, and legislators and political leadership at the national, state and local levels.
Colorado School of Mines - lesson plans and activity pages
DOE/EIA's Online Energy Education Resources - for teachers.
EELink - Environmental Education on the Internet - EE-Link is a participant in the Environmental Education and Training Partnership (EETAP) of the North American Association for Environmental Education (NAAEE)
Energy Information Administration's K-12 Energy Education Resource Guide - complete listing of free, or almost free, material
Energy Education Links - a collection of educational energy links from the Open Directory Project website
Energy Experiments - for 4th grade teachers from the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research
Houston Museum of Natural Science - resources about energy related to their Wiess Energy Hall
Mineral Information Institute (MII) - selection of reclamation success stories, including coal and other natural resources; history of mineral consumption - (free teaching materials)
National Energy Foundation - a great source for teachers; contains fact sheets and activity sheets. A nonprofit educational organization dedicated to the development, dissemination and implementation of supplementary educational materials, programs and courses to promote better understanding of energy, water, natural resources, science and math, technology, conservation, and the environment.
National Science Teachers Association - provides lesson plans, primers and other energy materials; place "energy" or "fossil fuels" or other keywords into the search box to see the selections.
Northeast Sustainable Energy Association (NESEA) - describes successful programs currently being used in the northeast
South Carolina Energy Office - saving energy: K-12 program with classroom lesson plans and other resources
EnergySmart Schools - US Department of Energy plan to increase energy efficiency of schools to reduce the consumption of electricity, natural gas and oil.
Statistical Review of World Energy - this review provides high-quality and globally consistent data of the energy markets, with a history series of statistics dating back to 1965; from BP
The Vega Science Trust - science, engineering or technology-related subject TV and Internet Broadcasting to help bridge the gap between the Pubic and Professional Understanding of Science; various lectures available for streaming/download; (Professor Sir Harold Kroto FRS, Royal Society Research Professor of Chemistry at the University of Sussex, 1996 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry is one of the trustees) - (teaching materials)
World Coal Institute - non-profit, non-governmental association of coal producing and coal consuming enterprises that promotes the importance of coal and its qualities as a plentiful, clean, safe and economical energy resource; find data/information on: coal types, mining, transportation, global markets, environment/mine safety, energy demands, future energy needs, how coal is used and more

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ENERGY EDUCATION - GENERAL ENERGY EDUCATIONAL SOURCES

American Coal Foundation - lots of great educational tools about coal and mining
American Energy Security Study - develops a comprehensive plan for the United States to establish energy security and independence through production of alternative oil and liquid transportation fuels from its vast domestic resources, including coal, biomass, and oil shale. The study also strives to bring better awareness of these issues to the American people, industry, the financial community, the media, governors, and legislators and political leadership at the national, state and local levels.
American Solar Energy Society - a resource for solar energy
American Wind Energy Association - general information about wind energy
Clean Coal Technologies - a resource that discusses the benefits of clean coal technologies; produced by the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research
Florida Solar Energy Center - offers solar information and new energy curriculum for students
Fuel Cells 2000 - a great place to look for information about fuel cells for transportation and for electricity generation
Geothermal Education Office - general information about geothermal energy
Hydro Research Foundation - a dynamic web site that makes hydropower understandable and accessible
Interstate Renewable Energy Council - resources for schools considering going solar and for schools that have made the leap.
Kentucky Ash Education Site - a resource that discusses coal combustion by-products (CCBs) such as CCB basics, research, utilization, economic and environmental importance, and potential future use.
Northeast Sustainable Energy Association (NESEA) - the largest regional energy association in the United States
Nuclear Energy Institute

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ENERGY EDUCATION - US GOVERNMENT ENERGY AGENCIES AND PROGRAMS

Energy Information Administration (EIA) - a statistical agency in the U.S. Department of Energy created by Congress in 1977 to develop data and analyses that help people understand energy issues
National Renewable Energy Laboratory - NREL's work on renewable energy and energy efficiency offers great opportunities for students and teachers
NEED Project - nonprofit education association dedicated to developing and distributing comprehensive, hands-on energy education programs to schools nationwide
United States Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy - has an excellent education section
United States Environmental Protection Agency - has great general resources for learning about energy and energy consumption

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ENERGY EDUCATION - SCIENCE FAIR ENERGY PROJECTS

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy - EERE is part of the Department of Energy dealing with Energy Education and Training; specifically "Energy Science Projects and Activities"
Energy Quest - science fair projects and demonstrations about energy
NEED - National Energy Education Development - a listing of energy science fair projects
Science Fair Projects and Experiments on Energy - topics, ideas, resources and sample projects for energy-related projects

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ENERGY - ELECTRICITY

CARMA - Carbon Monitoring for Action; database of carbon emissions from power plants and companies located throughout the world
How the Grid Was Built - timeline of electricity creation as presented by the National Academy of Engineering.
Utility Links

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ENERGY/COAL PUBLICATIONS, DATABASES & STATISTICS

American Energy Security Study - develops a comprehensive plan for the United States to establish energy security and independence through production of alternative oil and liquid transportation fuels from its vast domestic resources, including coal, biomass, and oil shale. The study also strives to bring better awareness of these issues to the American people, industry, the financial community, the media, governors, and legislators and political leadership at the national, state and local levels.
Ash Library - repository of selected full-text papers in the field of coal combustion by-product utilization (CCBs) including innovative beneficiation, utilization, handling, and storage techniques; currently all of the papers in the library were presented at the International Ash Utilization Symposia, (a symposia series implemented by the CAER at the University of Kentucky).
Atlas of ore and opaque minerals - virtual atlas sponsored by SME; this site provides over 400 full colour photomicrographs of the major ore-forming associations and opaque minerals in non-mineralized rocks; describes typical examples of each material from many classical localities throughout the world
Chemical and Engineering News - offers full-text online articles from the Chemical and Engineering Journal.
Coal Age - Lobos Services, Inc is now publishing Coal Age, E&MJ, Keystone Coal Industry Manual and the Longwall USA trade show
Coal Online - an IEA Clean Coal Centre sponsored site, Coal Online allows the user to search for coal related articles.
Coal Preparation Journal
Coal Quality Database - National Coal Resources Data System from USGS
DOE Information Bridge - free access to full-text and bibliographic records of Department of Energy (DOE) research and development reports in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics
Energy and Fuels - searchable, full-text article database.
Energy Citations Database - allows users to search and view articles from energy-related journals.
Energy Industry Today - an EIN News service for Energy Industry Professionals; section is focused on Kentucky energy news; is edited and written by professionals that monitor the media industry for energy-related news
E-print Network: Research Communication for Scientists and Engineers - searchable gateway to preprint servers that deal with scientific and technical disciplines of concern to DOE (such as physics, materials, chemistry, as well as portions of biology, environmental sciences and nuclear medicine)
Energy Connection - information about oil and gas industry.
Energy Information Administration (EIA) - a statistical agency in the U.S. Department of Energy created by Congress in 1977 to develop data and analyses that help people understand energy issues.
Energy Trends - is the DECC's bulletin of statistics of energy in the United Kingdom; provides a comprehensive picture of energy production and use.
FlyAsh - see Ash Library (above)
Fossil.Energy.gov - US Department of Energy Web Site
FUEL - International Journal published by Elsevier Science, Ltd.; Fuel is an organizer of the International Ash Utilization Symposia and the IAUS proceedings are published in this journal.
Fuel Processing Technology Journal
Geological Surveys for the States -- Geological Surveys - California's List
Global Magazines - Global Cement and Lime Magazine AND Global Gypsum Magazine
Google News Archive - news search engine that connects user to relevant search pages and displays related links.
GPO PURL - U.S. Government Printing Office's PURL Information Page
IEA Coal Research Publications - at the CAER. Review online abstracts of all IEA Coal Research publications and place an order for these publications.
International Journal of Coal Geology
International Journal of Mineral Processing
Kentucky Energy Watch - is a weekly update of energy prices to help leaders assess energy trends throughout the year; compiled by the Kentucky Department for Energy Development and Independence
Mineralogy Database - mineral data on individual species are linked to the following mineral table by crystallography, X-Ray powder diffraction, chemical composition, physical and optical properties, Dana's New classification, Strunz classification, and alphabetical listings of mineral species
Minerals and Metallurgical Processing Journal
National Energy Foundation - educational organization dedicated to the development, dissemination, and implementation of supplementary educational materials, programs, and courses - (teaching materials)
NEED Project - nonprofit education association dedicated to developing and distributing comprehensive, hands-on energy education programs to schools nationwide
Petrographic Atlas of Coals and Carbons, including Fly Ash - shows coals, cokes, chars, carbons, graphites, and other natural and man-made carbonaceous materials under the optical microscope with the intent of characterizing these materials for both scientific and industrial applications; presented by Dr. John C. Crelling of Southern Illinois University at Carbondale
Platts Global Energy - is a large energy information provider, specializing in news, prices, data, analysis, analytical tools, geospatial systems, research and consultancy for the complete spectrum of the energy industry
Power Magazine - coverage includes coal, electric power, natural gas, oil, petrochemicals, nuclear, etc.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - PNAS proceedings
Search Journal Sources via OSTI - bibliographic information for journal literature in disciplines relevant to the DOE R&D mission. Scirus covers scientific information through ScienceDirect, MEDLINE on BioMedNet, Beilstein on ChemWeb, Neuroscion, BioMed Central and Patents from the United States Patent and Trademark Office, and related information on the Web.     Energy Citations Database (1948 to present) contains bibliographic records for energy and energy-related scientific and technical information from the DOE and its predecessor agencies, the Energy Research & Development Administration (ERDA) and the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC).
Statistical Review of World Energy - this review provides high-quality and globally consistent data of the energy markets, with a history series of statistics dating back to 1965; from BP
USGS Coal Combustion Products Statistics and Information - from the USGS Mineral Commodity Statistics and Information Reports
USGS Minerals Information - statistics and information on the worldwide supply, demand, and flow of minerals and materials essential to the U.S. economy, the national security, and protection of the environment
USGS Publications - listings of new USGS publications by month as well as links to online USGS books, reports, and pamphlets
USGS Water Resources - of the United States, online publications
World Coal Institute - non-profit, non-governmental association of coal producing and coal consuming enterprises that promotes the importance of coal and its qualities as a plentiful, clean, safe and economical energy resource; find data/information on: coal types, mining, transportation, global markets, environment/mine safety, energy demands, future energy needs, how coal is used and more

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ENERGY SECURITY

American Energy Security - includes links to reports, articles and legislative initiatives regarding energy security.
Energy Information Administration - provides links regarding energy security information. Each links includes articles and statistics provided by several different government and research agencies.
Rocky Mountain Institute - the RMI is a nonprofit group that focuses on energy policy that includes several PDF reports/articles regarding energy security.
Secure Energy Briefs - includes PDF reports and briefs on energy security.
White House's In focus: Energy - this White House site includes articles and speeches from several government officials.

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ENERGY - UNIVERSITY and NATIONAL LAB CENTERS

Argonne National Laboratory - Argonne is one of the U.S. Department of Energy's largest research centers. It is also the nation's first national laboratory, chartered in 1946.
Ash Library - repository of selected full-text papers in the field of coal combustion by-product utilization (CCBs) including innovative beneficiation, utilization, handling, and storage techniques ;from the CAER's IAUS
Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center - ORNL collects technical data on carbon dioxide in relation to global changes in climate; greenhouse effect; vegetation and oceans
Catalysis Research and Testing Center (CRTC) - University of Kentucky, CAER
Center for Applied Energy Research - energy research at the University of Kentucky including biofuels and environmental catalysis; carbon materials; clean fuels and catalysis; electrochemical power/capacitors; environmental and coal technologies; power generation/carbon management/utility fuels
Coal Ash Resources Research Consortium (CARRC) - educate both professional and nontechnical audiences about coal combustion by-products
Coal Utilization Center - Penn State University
Colorado School of Mines - in Golden, Colorado
Concrete Technology Unit (University of Dundee) - Research in the field of concrete technology and construction is carried out with the mission to carry out research and development work to the highest level and disseminate the information widely
Consortium for Premium Carbon Products from Coal (CPCPC), Penn State University - focus is the development, commercialization, and promotion of technologies needed to produce high value-added carbon products from coal and coal-derived feedstocks
Consortium for Fossil Fuel Science (CFFS), University of Kentucky - engaged in research on the development of alternative sources for transportation fuel since 1986. These alternative sources include coal, natural gas, and waste materials, such as used plastics and tires
Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Program, ORNL - develops sustainable energy resources to create a cleaner environment and stronger economy; expands energy applications in production and use; from Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) - University of North Dakota.
Illinois Clean Coal Institute - technical component of the Illinois Department of Commerce and Community Affairs'(DCCA) Office of Coal Development (OCD)
International Ash Utilization Symposia Series (IAUS) - at the University of Kentucky's CAER
Institute for Combustion Science and Environmental Technology - at Western Kentucky University
National Research Center for Coal and Energy - West Virginia University
National Energy Technology Laboratory - Department of Energy (DOE)
North American Geology Departments - provided by University of South Dakota
Ohio State University "CCP Factsheet" - coal combustion products factsheet
Purdue University Discovery Park - the energy center at Discovery Park facilities high-impact, ultidisciplinary projects in support of Purdue's vision to be one of the global leaders in energy.
Recycled Material Resource Center - University of New Hampshire - research and outreach facility for highway and community use of recycled products
Southern Illinois University Coal Research Center - in Carbondale, Illinois.
University of Kentucky - in Lexington, Kentucky
    Research at University of Kentucky
Virginia Center for Coal and Energy Research - an interdisciplinary energy and coal-related issues study, research, information and resource facility for the Commonwealth of Virginia
World of Coal Ash (WOCA) Conference Series - organized by the University of Kentucky's Center for Applied Energy Research and the American Coal Ash Association.

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Energy Research

CLEAN COAL TECHNOLOGIES

Alternative Fuels Data Center - more than 3,000 documents in its database and alternative fuel information and links; also includes a news feature with up-to-date articles as well as a news archive.
CARE-Energy (Coalition for Affordable and Reliable Energy) - includes general information about Clean Coal Technology and practices as well as a NMA special report (PDF). It also has a list of current CCT legislation and brief summaries of each. You can also access each bill's information and status (on GovTrack) with links on the site.
Clean Coal Technologies - a resource that discusses the benefits of clean coal technologies; produced by the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research; contains flash movies of various CCT technologies.
Clean Coal Technology Foundation of Texas - Clean Coal Technology foundation of Texas is a lobbying group that was created to support the Clean Coal Technology Council; includes information on the FutureGen project, news releases, and links (mostly concerning Texas).
Coal Utilization Research Council - includes an overview of CCT information as well as links to Energy related legislation.
Federal Energy Regulatory Committee - provides information about Clean coal technology and legislation.
Future Coal Fuels - this NMA sponsored site tracks current CTL news and offers general information on the technology.
IEA Clean Coal Centre - includes an online database with information regard Clean Coal Technologies.
Montana's Official State Website - this site offers a synthetic fuels FAQ section.
National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners - - NARUC is a nonprofit organization concerned with the regulation of utilities. The site includes links to federal agencies as well as NARUC publications and articles.
National Energy Technology Laboratory - includes a PDF of the "Clean Coal Technology Roadmap" and a "Background" PDF packet.
National Mining Association - includes a "Clean Coal Technology: Current Progress, Future Promise" PDF as well as a CCT multimedia presentation (same as CARE-Energy).
Research Triangle Institute - - NARUC is a nonprofit organization concerned with the regulation of utilities. The site includes links to federal agencies as well as NARUC publications and articles.
World Coal Institute - WCI is a non-profit organization that represents coal enterprises and associations world wide. This site hosts several publications as well as coal technology links.
Peabody Energy - educational site that provides links to research and industry related pages.

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CARBON CAPTURE AND SEQUESTRATION

Clean Energy - contains various report summaries regarding CO2 capture and sequestration.
DOE's Carbon Capture Research - the Dept. of Energy's CO2 research fact-sheet.
Energy Science Center - includes a capture/storage overview diagrams, and a "schematic representation of capture systems."

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GASIFICATION

California Integrated Waste Management Board - provides a detailed yet easy to understand overview of the gasification process and gasification technologies.
Dakota Gasification Company - a gasification company web-site with detailed product information.
DOE's Gasification Program - this site is dedicated to the Dept. of Energy's ongoing gasification research. It includes an overview of the program as well as links to other gasification technology projects.
Frontline BioEnergy - provides an in-depth outline of the direct and indirect gasification process.
Gasification Technology Council - GTC represents companies involved in the development and licensing of gasification technology. The site includes an extensive library of papers and presentations about gasification.
National Energy and Technology Reference Shelf - provides links to various gasification brochures, papers, presentations, reports and photos.

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INTEGRATED GASIFICATION COMBINED CYCLE (IGCC)

Alliant Energy - IGCC process information and a PDF diagram are available at this site.
Cooperative Research Center for Coal in Sustainable Development - includes an overview of the IGCC process and detailed diagrams.
GE Power - IGCC - details the benefits, history and technology of the IGCC. It also includes PDF reports regarding IGCC.
IGCC Block Flow Diagram - IGCC Block Flow Diagram is available at this site.
World Bank - more detailed diagrams of the IGCC process.
Worley Parsons - includes pictures and project descriptions of three IGCC power plants.

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RENEWABLES

Algae
Algae Greenhouse - located at the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research.
Algae @ UK - algae research program at the University of Kentucky's Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering (BAE).
The Lipid Library - lipid chemistry, biology and analysis.
National Algae Association - organization comprised of algae researchers, algae production companies and investment community who share the goal of commercializing algae oil for the biofuels markets.
Ohio University Aquatic Botany Laboratory - includes images and current research.
Phycological Society of America - promotes the study of algae
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History - Department of Botany's research descriptions.
University of the Western Cape, South Africa - Large, well-organized site including an introduction to algae using a virtual slide show. Includes numerous links to other algal sites.
USDA Rural Development - renewable energy systems and energy efficiency improvement program.

Biofuels
American Council on Renewable Energy (ACORE) - works to bring all forms of renewable energy into the mainstream of Americaís economy and lifestyle by focusing on trade, finance and policy; ACORE promotes all renewable energy options for the production of electricity, hydrogen, fuels and end-use energy
Coalition for Affordable and Reliable Energy - CARE-Energy was formed in 2000 to build support for a comprehensive and balanced energy policy that not only implements energy conservation and efficiency measures, but that also enables the country to better meet the increasing demand for energy through use of diverse domestic energy resources, such as oil, natural gas, renewable and alternative fuels, nuclear power, and especially coal
Coordinating Research Council - CRC is a non-profit organization that directs, through committee action, engineering and environmental studies on the interaction between automotive equipment and petroleum products
DieselNet - Online information service on clean diesel engines and diesel emissions
Diesel Technology Forum - was created by leading companies in diesel technology, engine, vehicle and fuel systems manufacturing, and petroleum refining to exchange of information and views on a full range of issues concerning today's diesels and tomorrow's diesel technologies.
Frontline BioEnergy - provides a more in-depth outline of the direct and indirect gasification process
Interstate Renewable Energy Council - resources for schools considering going solar and for schools that have made the leap
North Carolina Solar Center - provides information about solar homes and applications of solar technology
Northeast Sustainable Energy Association (NESEA) - the largest regional energy association in the United States
Southeastern Regional Biomass Partnership (SERBP) - a part of the Southern States Energy Board that encourages economic development through public/private partnerships that demonstrate bioenergy technology applications
Southern Association of Agricultural Experiment Station Directors (SAAESD) - encourages collaboration among agricultural scientists in the South as well as inform the funders of agricultural research about research priorities and impacts
Southern States Energy Board (SSEB) - an interstate compact organization comprised of 16 states and two territories, whose members are governors, state legislators, and a federal representative appointed by the U.S. President. SSEB's member governors and legislators stand ready to support policy initiatives and recommendations of the study group
Southeastern Universities Research Association (SURA) - a science and technology research and development organization created from a consortium of over sixty universities across the US which promotes initiatives in nuclear physics, information technologies, and coastal research
SURA Bioenergy Initiative - a draft document for that initiative (pdf)

Biomass
AE Biofuels - news and Information about Biofuel and Biomass Fuel Technology.
Biodiesel Magazine - contains features, industrial news, columns and ads on biodiesel.
Biofuels Research - at the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research.
Biofuel Review - a primary news source for the biofuel industry.
Biomass Magazine - contains features, industrial news, columns and ads on biomass.
Clean Energy States Alliance - federally funded research centers in designated states; a nonprofit organization that provides information and technical services to its members and works with them to build and expand clean energy markets in the United States
Council of Great Lakes Governors Biomass Initiative - to encourage greater production and use of biomass for energy generation. Biomass includes wood, crop residues, municipal waste, and other organic materials. Biomass can be converted for power production and transportation fuels including ethanol and biodiesel
National Biodiesel Board - the national trade association representing the biodiesel industry in the United States. Biodiesel is a domestic, renewable fuel for diesel engines derived from natural oils like soybean oil.
National Renewable Energy Laboratory Biomass Research - biomass R&D efforts at NREL.
Sun Grant States - Sun Grant Initiative is a national program established to create new solutions (like biomass) for America's energy needs and to revitalize rural communities by working with land-grant universities and their federal and state laboratory partners on research, education, and extension programs
Western Governors Biomass Initiative - promoting the increased use of bioenergy and biobased products through the conversion of biomass residuals from forest health projects and commercial agriculture

Kentucky Renewable Energy Sites
Governor's Office of Energy Policy - oversees the implementation of Kentucky's comprehensive energy strategy (Kentucky's Energy: Opportunities for our Future)
Kentucky Rural Energy Consortium (KREC) - supports, coordinates, promotes and advances research, development and deployment of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies, practices and outreach activities of importance to Kentucky agriculture, rural communities and related industries
Kentucky Science and Engineering Foundation (KSEF) - was created to invest in research and development activity to promote innovation and build a pipeline of new ideas and technologies that could add value to the scientific and economic growth in the Commonwealth

University of Kentucky's Renewable Links Sites
UK Renewable Energy Initiative - University renewable programs, research organizations, outreach and energy links.
UK Renewable Fuels Laboratory - open access laboratory is now open and available to all Kentucky biofuels researchers. It is located at the University of Kentucky's Center for Applied Energy Research and the Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering.

U.S. Government Biofuels/Renewables Links
Bioenergy Feedstock Information Network (BFIN) - a gateway to a wealth of biomass feedstock information resources from the U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Idaho National Laboratory, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, and other research organizations
DOE - U.S. Department of Energy - advancing the national, economic, and energy security of the United States and promoting scientific and technological innovation in support of that mission
DOE: Alternative Fuels Data Center - more than 3,000 documents in its database and alternative fuel information and links. This site also includes a news feature with up-to-date articles as well as a news archive
DOE: Bioenergy - includes major programs for developing and improving technology for biomass power; for making biofuels such as ethanol (from biomass residues as well as grain) and renewable diesel; and for making plastics and chemicals from renewable, biobased materials
DOE: Biomass Program - develops technology for conversion of biomass (plant-derived material) to valuable fuels, chemicals, materials and power, so as to reduce dependence on foreign oil and foster growth of biorefineries
DOE: FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program - developing more energy efficient and environmentally friendly highway transportation technologies that will enable America to use less petroleum.
DOE: National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) - the only U.S. national laboratory devoted to fossil energy research, NETL implements a broad spectrum of energy and environmental research and development (R&D) programs
Energy Information Administration (EIA) - a statistical agency in the U.S. Department of Energy created by Congress in 1977 to develop data and analyses that help people understand energy issues
EPA: Renewable Fuel Standard Program - United States Environmental Protection Agency is responsible for promulgating regulations to ensure that gasoline sold in the United States contains a minimum volume of renewable fuel
National Renewable Energy Laboratory - NREL's research and development of renewable fuels and electricity that advance national energy goals to change the way we power our homes, businesses, and cars
ORNL: Fuels, Engines and Emissions Research Center - at Oak Ridge National Laboratory that specializes in detailed characterization of internal combustion engine emissions and efficiency
ORNL: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Program - at Oak Ridge National Laboratory that develops sustainable energy resources to create a cleaner environment and stronger economy; expands energy applications in production and use
USDA - Biofuels Research - United States Department of Agriculture biofuels research
U.S. Department of Transportation - ensures fast, safe, efficient, accessible and convenient transportation system that meets US vital national interests
White House- In focus: Energy - this White House site includes articles and speeches from several government officials

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SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS

Energy Blog - includes a discussion of coal methanation.
Great Point Energy - includes a Flash presentation of SNG processing.

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Other Topics

SCIENCE ASSOCIATIONS/ORGANIZATIONS

Air and Waste Management Association
American Association for the Advancement of Science
American Carbon Society
American Chemical Society (ACS)
American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AICHE)
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
American Universities - Links to hompages of many and various academic institutions.
The Geological Society of America
Kentucky Science and Technology Corporation
Materials Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
Microscopy Society of America
The National Academies - NEWS to the Nation on Science, Engineering and Medicine - (National Academy of Sciences; National Academy of Engineering; Institute of Medicine; National Research Council.
North American Catalysis Society
The Southern States Energy Board (SSEB) - an interstate compact organization comprised of 16 states and two territories, whose members are governors, state legislators, and a federal representative appointed by the U.S. President. SSEBís member governors and legislators stand ready to support policy initiatives and recommendations of the study group.

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KENTUCKY & LEXINGTON

About Lexington - Maps, attractions, travel guide, etc. from the CAER
A Walk About Lexington - (compiled by M McAlister, CAER)
Find It Kentucky - A government Information Locator Service, or GILS, for the Commonwealth of Kentucky. The Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives offers a customer friendly gateway for finding government information on the web.
International Museum of the Horse - located at Kentucky Horse Park
Kentucky Atlas - from the University of Kentucky
Kentucky Horse Park - beautiful horses in the rolling hills of Kentucky
Kentucky Tourism - Kentucky Facts, History and more
Lexington Herald-Leader - Lexington's daily newspaper
Lexington Travel Guide
Lexington - Yahoo! listing
WebGuideKentucky.com

KENTUCKY GOVERNMENT WEBSITES
The Official State Government Site for the Commonwealth of Kentucky
Kentucky Governor's Site and Governor's YouTube Site
Kentucky Legislature Site
KCTCS - Kentucky Community and Technical College System
Kentuckiana Digital Library - permanent access to Kentucky shared digital archival collections
Kentucky Legal Sites
Kentucky Revised Statutes -KRS

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UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY

Ash Library - at the University of Kentucky's CAER
Catalysis Research and Testing Center (CRTC) - at the University of Kentucky's CAER
College of Engineering - at the University of Kentucky
Consortium for Fossil Fuel Science (CFFS) - at the University of Kentucky
Department of Chemistry - at the University of Kentucky
Department of Geological Sciences - at the University of Kentucky
International Ash Utilization Symposia Series (IAUS) - at the University of Kentucky's CAER
Research - at the University of Kentucky
World of Coal Ash Conferences
University of Kentucky

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WEATHER

National Weather Service
The Weather Channel

Agricultural Weather Center - University of Kentucky
USA Today Weather
Washington Post WeatherPost - includes weather glossary
Weather Underground

Other Weather Sites of Interest
About.com Meteorology - gateway to range of weather topics
Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center - ORNL collects technical data on carbon dioxide in relation to global changes in climate; greenhouse effect; vegetation and oceans
National Hurricane Center
National Snow and Ice Data Center
PSC Meteorology Program Cloud Boutique - explanations and detailed pictures of common cloud formations
Space Weather: A Research Perspective - NASA, NOAA, NSF explores conditions in space that affect Earth and its relationship with the sun
Tornado Project Online
WW2010 Online Meteorology Guide - learning modules that explore nine main subjects in meteorology

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OTHER SITES

AcademicInfo - subject guides and distance learning information
BrainTrack - directory of universities and colleges
FirstGov - government information by topic
THOMAS - Legislative Information on the Internet

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