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Air Pollution Control for Coal-Fired Power Stations in Eastern Europe

AUTHOR: Tim Jones
DATE: April 1996

This report briefly examines the status of coal-fired power generation in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Russia and the Ukraine. It describes options for improving environmental performance: pre-combustion (coal-switching or cleaning), combustion/gasification measures to minimize emissions and improve efficiency, and post- combustion fuel gas treatment for emissions control. The focus of the report is on the use of available technology to reduce air pollutant emissions on large coal-fired plants in Eastern Europe and draws on specific examples.

It does not provide a comprehensive survey of current developments although the rehabilitation programs in the selected countries are summarized. It is concluded that a phased approach is necessary to improve environmental performance, based on site-specific assessments. Assessments made under the conditions in OECD countries using different coals need careful interpretation and may only provide a qualitative guide for Eastern European countries.